SLF4J: Detected both log4j-over-slf4j.jar AND bound slf4j-log4j12.jar on the class path

plugins

(Noel Yap) #1

This is related to https://issues.gradle.org/browse/GRADLE-897 except that it’s causing failures in our builds.

Details: After upgrading slf4j-log4j12 from 1.7.13 to 1.7.14, our builds using the jetty plugin started emitting that warning and failing with the following:

:jettyRunSLF4J: Class path contains multiple SLF4J bindings.
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/home/nyap/proj/debug-log4j-failure/.gradle/wrapper/dists/nebula-gradle-3.1.0-all/cfinrn8wvqaz9ou1ur8q28dyo/gradle-2.8/lib/gradle-core-2.8.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: Found binding in [jar:file:/home/nyap/proj/debug-log4j-failure/.gradle/caches/modules-2/files-2.1/org.slf4j/slf4j-log4j12/1.7.14/7f4a597d90aed60331761a6fe3ad4f55bbfc544d/slf4j-log4j12-1.7.14.jar!/org/slf4j/impl/StaticLoggerBinder.class]
SLF4J: See http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#multiple_bindings for an explanation.
SLF4J: Detected both log4j-over-slf4j.jar AND bound slf4j-log4j12.jar on the class path, preempting StackOverflowError. 
SLF4J: See also http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#log4jDelegationLoop for more details.

failed org.gradle.api.plugins.jetty.internal.JettyPluginWebAppContext@5d40fcbf{/helloworld,/home/nyap/proj/debug-log4j-failure/helloworld-ajoshi/src/main/webapp}: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError
failed ContextHandlerCollection@33e0eda7: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError
failed HandlerCollection@696084fb: java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError
Error starting handlers
java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError
	at org.slf4j.impl.StaticLoggerBinder.<init>(StaticLoggerBinder.java:72)
	at org.slf4j.impl.StaticLoggerBinder.<clinit>(StaticLoggerBinder.java:45)
	at org.slf4j.LoggerFactory.bind(LoggerFactory.java:142)
	at org.slf4j.LoggerFactory.performInitialization(LoggerFactory.java:121)
	at org.slf4j.LoggerFactory.getILoggerFactory(LoggerFactory.java:344)
	at org.slf4j.LoggerFactory.getLogger(LoggerFactory.java:294)
	at org.slf4j.LoggerFactory.getLogger(LoggerFactory.java:315)
	at com.netflix.servo.tag.SmallTagMap.<clinit>(SmallTagMap.java:45)
	at com.netflix.servo.monitor.MonitorConfig$Builder.<init>(MonitorConfig.java:41)
	at com.netflix.servo.monitor.MonitorConfig.builder(MonitorConfig.java:145)
	at com.netflix.servo.monitor.Monitors.newTimer(Monitors.java:93)
	at com.netflix.blitz4j.LoggingContext.<init>(LoggingContext.java:54)
	at com.netflix.blitz4j.LoggingContext.<clinit>(LoggingContext.java:53)
	at com.netflix.blitz4j.NFLockFreeLogger.<init>(NFLockFreeLogger.java:42)
	at com.netflix.blitz4j.NFRootLogger.<init>(NFRootLogger.java:32)
	at com.netflix.blitz4j.LoggingConfiguration.configure(LoggingConfiguration.java:130)
	at com.netflix.logging.CorePlatformLogger.<init>(CorePlatformLogger.java:53)
	at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
	at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:422)
	at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:442)
	at com.netflix.logging.LogManager.<clinit>(LogManager.java:56)
	at com.netflix.server.base.lifecycle.BaseServerListener.<init>(BaseServerListener.java:38)
	at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
	at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:422)
	at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:442)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebXmlConfiguration.newListenerInstance(WebXmlConfiguration.java:650)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebXmlConfiguration.initListener(WebXmlConfiguration.java:631)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebXmlConfiguration.initWebXmlElement(WebXmlConfiguration.java:368)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.plus.webapp.AbstractConfiguration.initWebXmlElement(AbstractConfiguration.java:190)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebXmlConfiguration.initialize(WebXmlConfiguration.java:289)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.plus.webapp.AbstractConfiguration.initialize(AbstractConfiguration.java:133)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebXmlConfiguration.configure(WebXmlConfiguration.java:222)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.plus.webapp.AbstractConfiguration.configure(AbstractConfiguration.java:113)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebXmlConfiguration.configureWebApp(WebXmlConfiguration.java:180)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.plus.webapp.AbstractConfiguration.configureWebApp(AbstractConfiguration.java:96)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.plus.webapp.Configuration.configureWebApp(Configuration.java:149)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.startContext(WebAppContext.java:1269)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.handler.ContextHandler.doStart(ContextHandler.java:517)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.doStart(WebAppContext.java:489)
	at org.gradle.api.plugins.jetty.internal.JettyPluginWebAppContext.doStart(JettyPluginWebAppContext.java:112)
	at org.mortbay.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:50)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.handler.HandlerCollection.doStart(HandlerCollection.java:152)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.handler.ContextHandlerCollection.doStart(ContextHandlerCollection.java:156)
	at org.mortbay.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:50)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.handler.HandlerCollection.doStart(HandlerCollection.java:152)
	at org.mortbay.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:50)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.handler.HandlerWrapper.doStart(HandlerWrapper.java:130)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.Server.doStart(Server.java:224)
	at org.mortbay.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:50)
	at org.gradle.api.plugins.jetty.internal.Jetty6PluginServer.start(Jetty6PluginServer.java:111)
	at org.gradle.api.plugins.jetty.AbstractJettyRunTask.startJettyInternal(AbstractJettyRunTask.java:238)
	at org.gradle.api.plugins.jetty.AbstractJettyRunTask.startJetty(AbstractJettyRunTask.java:191)
	at org.gradle.api.plugins.jetty.AbstractJettyRunTask.start(AbstractJettyRunTask.java:162)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
	at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:497)
	at org.gradle.internal.reflect.JavaMethod.invoke(JavaMethod.java:75)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.AnnotationProcessingTaskFactory$StandardTaskAction.doExecute(AnnotationProcessingTaskFactory.java:227)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.AnnotationProcessingTaskFactory$StandardTaskAction.execute(AnnotationProcessingTaskFactory.java:220)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.AnnotationProcessingTaskFactory$StandardTaskAction.execute(AnnotationProcessingTaskFactory.java:209)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.AbstractTask$TaskActionWrapper.execute(AbstractTask.java:585)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.AbstractTask$TaskActionWrapper.execute(AbstractTask.java:568)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.executeAction(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:80)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.executeActions(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:61)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.execute(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:46)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.PostExecutionAnalysisTaskExecuter.execute(PostExecutionAnalysisTaskExecuter.java:35)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipUpToDateTaskExecuter.execute(SkipUpToDateTaskExecuter.java:64)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ValidatingTaskExecuter.execute(ValidatingTaskExecuter.java:58)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipEmptySourceFilesTaskExecuter.execute(SkipEmptySourceFilesTaskExecuter.java:52)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipTaskWithNoActionsExecuter.execute(SkipTaskWithNoActionsExecuter.java:52)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipOnlyIfTaskExecuter.execute(SkipOnlyIfTaskExecuter.java:53)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteAtMostOnceTaskExecuter.execute(ExecuteAtMostOnceTaskExecuter.java:43)
	at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker.execute(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:203)
	at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker.execute(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:185)
	at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.AbstractTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.processTask(AbstractTaskPlanExecutor.java:62)
	at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.AbstractTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.run(AbstractTaskPlanExecutor.java:50)
	at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.ExecutorPolicy$CatchAndRecordFailures.onExecute(ExecutorPolicy.java:54)
	at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.StoppableExecutorImpl$1.run(StoppableExecutorImpl.java:40)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617)
	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalStateException: Detected both log4j-over-slf4j.jar AND bound slf4j-log4j12.jar on the class path, preempting StackOverflowError. See also http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#log4jDelegationLoop for more details.
	at org.slf4j.impl.Log4jLoggerFactory.<clinit>(Log4jLoggerFactory.java:54)
	... 86 more
Nested in java.lang.ExceptionInInitializerError:
java.lang.IllegalStateException: Detected both log4j-over-slf4j.jar AND bound slf4j-log4j12.jar on the class path, preempting StackOverflowError. See also http://www.slf4j.org/codes.html#log4jDelegationLoop for more details.
	at org.slf4j.impl.Log4jLoggerFactory.<clinit>(Log4jLoggerFactory.java:54)
	at org.slf4j.impl.StaticLoggerBinder.<init>(StaticLoggerBinder.java:72)
	at org.slf4j.impl.StaticLoggerBinder.<clinit>(StaticLoggerBinder.java:45)
	at org.slf4j.LoggerFactory.bind(LoggerFactory.java:142)
	at org.slf4j.LoggerFactory.performInitialization(LoggerFactory.java:121)
	at org.slf4j.LoggerFactory.getILoggerFactory(LoggerFactory.java:344)
	at org.slf4j.LoggerFactory.getLogger(LoggerFactory.java:294)
	at org.slf4j.LoggerFactory.getLogger(LoggerFactory.java:315)
	at com.netflix.servo.tag.SmallTagMap.<clinit>(SmallTagMap.java:45)
	at com.netflix.servo.monitor.MonitorConfig$Builder.<init>(MonitorConfig.java:41)
	at com.netflix.servo.monitor.MonitorConfig.builder(MonitorConfig.java:145)
	at com.netflix.servo.monitor.Monitors.newTimer(Monitors.java:93)
	at com.netflix.blitz4j.LoggingContext.<init>(LoggingContext.java:54)
	at com.netflix.blitz4j.LoggingContext.<clinit>(LoggingContext.java:53)
	at com.netflix.blitz4j.NFLockFreeLogger.<init>(NFLockFreeLogger.java:42)
	at com.netflix.blitz4j.NFRootLogger.<init>(NFRootLogger.java:32)
	at com.netflix.blitz4j.LoggingConfiguration.configure(LoggingConfiguration.java:130)
	at com.netflix.logging.CorePlatformLogger.<init>(CorePlatformLogger.java:53)
	at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
	at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:422)
	at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:442)
	at com.netflix.logging.LogManager.<clinit>(LogManager.java:56)
	at com.netflix.server.base.lifecycle.BaseServerListener.<init>(BaseServerListener.java:38)
	at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:62)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newInstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:45)
	at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Constructor.java:422)
	at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:442)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebXmlConfiguration.newListenerInstance(WebXmlConfiguration.java:650)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebXmlConfiguration.initListener(WebXmlConfiguration.java:631)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebXmlConfiguration.initWebXmlElement(WebXmlConfiguration.java:368)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.plus.webapp.AbstractConfiguration.initWebXmlElement(AbstractConfiguration.java:190)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebXmlConfiguration.initialize(WebXmlConfiguration.java:289)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.plus.webapp.AbstractConfiguration.initialize(AbstractConfiguration.java:133)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebXmlConfiguration.configure(WebXmlConfiguration.java:222)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.plus.webapp.AbstractConfiguration.configure(AbstractConfiguration.java:113)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebXmlConfiguration.configureWebApp(WebXmlConfiguration.java:180)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.plus.webapp.AbstractConfiguration.configureWebApp(AbstractConfiguration.java:96)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.plus.webapp.Configuration.configureWebApp(Configuration.java:149)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.startContext(WebAppContext.java:1269)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.handler.ContextHandler.doStart(ContextHandler.java:517)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.doStart(WebAppContext.java:489)
	at org.gradle.api.plugins.jetty.internal.JettyPluginWebAppContext.doStart(JettyPluginWebAppContext.java:112)
	at org.mortbay.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:50)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.handler.HandlerCollection.doStart(HandlerCollection.java:152)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.handler.ContextHandlerCollection.doStart(ContextHandlerCollection.java:156)
	at org.mortbay.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:50)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.handler.HandlerCollection.doStart(HandlerCollection.java:152)
	at org.mortbay.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:50)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.handler.HandlerWrapper.doStart(HandlerWrapper.java:130)
	at org.mortbay.jetty.Server.doStart(Server.java:224)
	at org.mortbay.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:50)
	at org.gradle.api.plugins.jetty.internal.Jetty6PluginServer.start(Jetty6PluginServer.java:111)
	at org.gradle.api.plugins.jetty.AbstractJettyRunTask.startJettyInternal(AbstractJettyRunTask.java:238)
	at org.gradle.api.plugins.jetty.AbstractJettyRunTask.startJetty(AbstractJettyRunTask.java:191)
	at org.gradle.api.plugins.jetty.AbstractJettyRunTask.start(AbstractJettyRunTask.java:162)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
	at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
	at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
	at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:497)
	at org.gradle.internal.reflect.JavaMethod.invoke(JavaMethod.java:75)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.AnnotationProcessingTaskFactory$StandardTaskAction.doExecute(AnnotationProcessingTaskFactory.java:227)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.AnnotationProcessingTaskFactory$StandardTaskAction.execute(AnnotationProcessingTaskFactory.java:220)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.AnnotationProcessingTaskFactory$StandardTaskAction.execute(AnnotationProcessingTaskFactory.java:209)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.AbstractTask$TaskActionWrapper.execute(AbstractTask.java:585)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.AbstractTask$TaskActionWrapper.execute(AbstractTask.java:568)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.executeAction(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:80)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.executeActions(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:61)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.execute(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:46)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.PostExecutionAnalysisTaskExecuter.execute(PostExecutionAnalysisTaskExecuter.java:35)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipUpToDateTaskExecuter.execute(SkipUpToDateTaskExecuter.java:64)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ValidatingTaskExecuter.execute(ValidatingTaskExecuter.java:58)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipEmptySourceFilesTaskExecuter.execute(SkipEmptySourceFilesTaskExecuter.java:52)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipTaskWithNoActionsExecuter.execute(SkipTaskWithNoActionsExecuter.java:52)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipOnlyIfTaskExecuter.execute(SkipOnlyIfTaskExecuter.java:53)
	at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteAtMostOnceTaskExecuter.execute(ExecuteAtMostOnceTaskExecuter.java:43)
	at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker.execute(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:203)
	at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker.execute(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:185)
	at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.AbstractTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.processTask(AbstractTaskPlanExecutor.java:62)
	at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.AbstractTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.run(AbstractTaskPlanExecutor.java:50)
	at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.ExecutorPolicy$CatchAndRecordFailures.onExecute(ExecutorPolicy.java:54)
	at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.StoppableExecutorImpl$1.run(StoppableExecutorImpl.java:40)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142)
	at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617)
	at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745)

(Daniel Vaughan) #2

I have a similar problem. I changed my dependencies from Spring Boot 1.3.2 to 1.3.3 and Gradle from 2.11 to 2.12 and got the same error.

Using Spring Boot 1.3.2 and Gradle 2.12 the error did not occur.