Native Linking OpenGL for mac os x with gradle

I wrote a test module and I am able to build it using gcc from the command line using this command

gcc -shared -Iheaders/default_fwd_shader_2D.h -framework OpenGL src/default_fwd_shader_2D.c -o test

that comes out fine. When I write my build.gradle file for the same program, I get an error 'clang: error: unknown argument: -framework Opengl'

from this build.gradle file

default_shader(NativeLibrarySpec) {
    sources.c {
         source { 
            srcDir "src/core_graphics/default_shader/src"
            include "**/*.c"
        exportedHeaders { 
            srcDir "src/core_graphics/default_shader/headers"

    binaries.all {
        linker.args "-framework openGL"

I suspect I am doing something wrong since I cannot get gradle to compile this module for me but I was able to use gcc and it compiled fine as a shared and static library.

Although looking at the NM I get this output.

Those unlinked symbols are the same exact ones that gradle fails on when it tries to build.

What am I doing wrong with this setup? How can I link against opengl? I have the proper headers in my file and all source code lint checks pass w/o any issues.

edit - additional information and a small test program

Just to make sure that I wrote a sample program and compiled it with gcc, it worked as expected. Here’s the code:

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include "SDL2/SDL.h"

#include <SDL2/SDL_opengl.h>

int main(int argc, char* argv[])

    const char* v_shader_srouce; //left out for simplicity
    const char* f_shader_source; //

    GLuint vertexShader = glCreateShader(GL_VERTEX_SHADER);

    glShaderSource(vertexShader, 1, &v_shader_srouce, NULL);

    GLint success;
    GLchar infoLog[512];
    glGetShaderiv(vertexShader, GL_COMPILE_STATUS, &success);

    if (!success) {
        glGetShaderInfoLog(vertexShader, 512, NULL, infoLog);
        printf("ERROR VERTEX COMPILATION_FAILED %s\n", infoLog);

    GLuint fragmentShader = glCreateShader(GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER);
    glShaderSource(fragmentShader, 1, &f_shader_source, NULL);

    glGetShaderiv(fragmentShader, GL_COMPILE_STATUS, &success);

    if (!success) {
        glGetShaderInfoLog(vertexShader, 512, NULL, infoLog);
        printf("ERROR FRAGMENT COMPILATION_FAILED %s\n", infoLog);

    GLuint shaderProgram = glCreateProgram();

    glAttachShader(shaderProgram, vertexShader);
    glAttachShader(shaderProgram, fragmentShader);

    glGetProgramiv(shaderProgram, GL_LINK_STATUS, &success);
    if (!success) {
        glGetProgramInfoLog(shaderProgram, 512, NULL, infoLog);
        printf("ERROR SHADER PROGRAM COMPILATION_FAILED %s\n", infoLog);

    return 0;

compiling this code with gcc from the command line like this:

gcc -g -Wall test.c -o test -lSDL2 -framework OpenGL

compiling like that and debugging the program it works just fine.
Leaving off the -framework OpenGL and I get linking errors just like my gradle project.

When I add the -framework OpenGL to my gradle linker args gradle complains and fails the build.


anyone on the native team can assist with this? Is this something that I am doing incorrectly or is it a limitation of the gradle native tools?

I found out that there’s no error message when one writes the argument like this:

linker.args "-framework", "OpenGL"

edit: well, let me rephrase that: that particular error message is replaced by another error message: “ld: file not found: OpenGL”. At least in my project.